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How Periodontics Can Treat Gum Diseases
Gum disease, often called periodontal disease, is an infection of the gums and supporting tissues and requires prompt periodontics intervention to avoid damage. When patients do not brush and floss regularly, bacterial plaque and tartar accumulate and cause gum disease. Continue reading to discover some of the treatment options for the disease.
An overview of gum disease
Gingivitis and periodontitis are the two main phases of periodontal disease. Gingivitis is the initial stage and affects just the gums. With prompt treatment, gingivitis is reversible; otherwise, it will worsen into periodontitis if left untreated. Bacteria enter deeper pockets of tissue where bone and membrane supporting the teeth are and cause severe damage. Periodontitis may result in tooth loss as well as other severe health issues.
The stage of the condition and the degree of damage to the gums, teeth, supporting tissues, and bone determines the periodontics treatment for gum disease. The dentist will discuss treatment choices, answer questions, and explain what occurs after examining your digital X-rays and conducting a complete periodontal exam.
Patients who suspect gum disease need to see the dentist right away since early intervention makes less invasive options feasible. Gingivitis usually causes the gums to become red, inflamed, and bleed readily. The condition is still reversible at this point, and a thorough cleaning at your dentist's office, followed by regular brushing and flossing, may generally remove it.
Periodontitis can result in the loss of tooth-supporting tissue and bone, and it can worsen with time. The teeth will feel loose and start moving around in the mouth if this happens. Adult periodontitis is the most prevalent kind, although it may strike anybody at any age. It generally worsens gradually, but there are times when it accelerates quickly.
Scaling and root planing is the most common form of non-surgical periodontal therapy. Plaque and tartar are carefully removed from the tooth roots during the treatment. The dentist will eliminate bacteria and irritants from the deep gum pockets during this treatment to prevent plaque from forming again.
The dentist may recommend periodontal surgery to treat bone infections or to replace missing bone. Some of the options include:
A local anesthetic is used during this operation. To reveal deeper structures, the dentist will make incisions and fold back the gum tissue. They will polish the irregular surfaces of the injured bone to remove bacteria from the pockets and other hidden areas. The gum tissue is subsequently closed and sutured.
This procedure replaces the bone that has been damaged by gum disease using pieces of the patient's bone, donor bone, or synthetic bone. This encourages bone regeneration, which aids in the stability of the teeth. Soft tissue grafts may also be done to cover the gaps caused by gum recession.
If you do not treat your gum disease, it will only become worse. With periodontics treatment, the dentist can help their patients improve their gum health and prevent re-infection. Contact the dental office now to make an appointment with the dentist.
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